Student Life

Creativity, Action, and Service (CAS) is at the heart of the Diploma Programme. It is one of the three essential elements in every student’s Diploma Programme experience.

It involves students in a range of activities alongside their academic studies throughout the Diploma Programme. The three strands of CAS, which are often interwoven with particular ac­tivities, are characterized as follows:


Any experiences that involve creative thinking.


Physical exertion contributing to a healthy lifestyle, complementing academic work elsewhere in the Diploma Programme.


An unpaid and voluntary exchange that has a learning benefit for the student.

The rights, dignity, and autonomy of all those involved are respected. CAS enables students to enhance their personal and interpersonal development through experiential learning. At the same time, it provides an important counterbalance to the academic pressures of the rest of the Diploma Programme. Individual CAS experiences should be both challenging and enjoyable—a personal journey of self-discovery. CAS is not an instructional course. Rather, it provides students an avenue to get out of the classroom and meaningfully interact with their local and global communities. Sports, volunteering, directing a play, learning an instrument, building a computer—all of these can be CAS experiences.  This means that your life will continue in DP, but it will also extend and expand in ways you may not have expected!

CAS must involve:

  • Real, purposeful activities, with signifi­cant outcomes
  • Personal challenge – tasks should extend the individual and be achievable in scope
  • Thoughtful consideration, such as plan­ning activities and maintaining a CAS portfolio
  • A variety of approaches for reflection on outcomes and learning

It is essential that CAS activities do not replicate other parts of the student’s Diploma Program. Concurrency of learning is also important in the Diploma Program. Therefore, CAS activities should continue on a regular basis for as long as pos­sible throughout the program.

Successful completion of CAS is a requirement for the IB Diploma. Students need to regularly document their CAS experiences in a journal and provide a thorough reflection for each completed activity. Reflections need not just be a typical word processed document, but rather students are encouraged to use a variety of mediums for their reflection. For example, students may create a blog or website to chronicle and organize their experiences and reflections. The options for reflection are endless, just as long as they are introspective, thorough, mean­ingful, and enriching. Students must also provide evidence through a variety of CAS activities that they have achieved the learning outcomes.